A.F. Chalmers wrote a wonderful book entitled "What is this
thing called science?", a title we would like to use here as
well. Because, after all, what is this thing called science?
It has become more and more obvious that people have no
inkling anymore about what science is and what it isn't.
Mostly people think that if you are intelligent (had high
marks at school) and study something with state-of-the-art
equipment or methods, than this classifies you as a scientist.
But it isn't. That isn't (necessarily) science.
Even worse, society itself starts defining the science in that
way. Does anybody still see the difference between 'science'
and 'technology'? Between a PhD and an engineering degree?
Does anybody still care? Why should you
you don't mind the idea of a 'rocket scientist' as the sum of
intelligence, even while nearly all rocket scientists were
rocket engineers instead; They developed and used technology
to put a man on the moon.
It gets even worse. Most universities join the game and
attribute PhD degrees to students of their engineering
departments. Ignoring the fact that these people receiving a Philosophical
Degree never had a single lecture on philosophy in their
entire life. It is as if you give a diploma of computer
engineering to somebody who learned how to cultivate potatoes,
just because computer engineering sounds sexier. That does not
This does not mean that Philosophy/Science is better (or
worse) or more difficult (or easier) than
Technology/Engineering, but that it should be very clear that
the two are very different indeed. Society will get into
trouble if it cannot make a clear distinction.
It gets even worse. Even the most prestigious universities
lose the path and start copying the ideas mandated by society.
We suspect that this is due to the fact that society ever more
requires 'efficiency' from the universities and thus
scientific subjects have to be 'useful' for society somehow.
Yet, this is the same as demanding that art should be useful.
How useful is Mondriaan's Red Blue and Yellow? How
useful is to know that stars go into supernovae? How useful is
scaling the channel length in transistors down to 25
The last example was to check if you were not falling asleep.
Indeed, the last item was technology again. In fact, one item
of science is that it has no (direct) use for society, while
the scaling down of transistors seems a very beneficial step
Yet, even one of the most prestigious universities in the
world has succumbed to the fashion of modern times and starts
adopting the politically-correct stance on science. Saying for
instance that Science is not battling Religion, as stipulated
by the United Nations, while the two are, and always have
been, clearly in an eternal battle.
Wasn't it Martin Luther who said "Reason is the biggest enemy
of faith"? Quite so. A scientist does not 'believe' or 'trust'
anything or anybody. Truth is not found by believing in
things, nor by repeating the common opinion, or by voting. The
latter is often done in society, "The consensus among
scientists is ...", etc. The religious stance (Don't study or
discuss at all. Believe!), the political stance (The majority
decides; by debating I'll make it my
majority) and the
scientific stance (Search for the verifiable truth,
independent of social pressure or financial or political
interests). Science is Philosophy, philo-sophia, the love for
knowledge. Not philo-pecunia or philo-potentia, or
philo-iPhonica, the love for money or power or gadgets.
Yet, The University of California at Berkeley, probably by the
need to get 'accepted' by society that pays for them, in its
description of science, writes that science involves a
'feedback' from society that has "Benefits and Outcomes". But,
pure science does not have benefits, nor outcomes or goals.
Did Galileo think about developing some application when he
argued that objects fall equally fast. Did Newton have in mind
some device to sell when he developed his Theory of Gravity?
No. Of course not. That would be like the engineer DaVinci.
Even Einstein commented, "Anyone who thinks science is trying
to make human life easier or more pleasant is utterly
Another serious error the author of those pages of Berkeley
makes is stating that science needs "Community Analysis and
Feedback". Or, in other words, you need to get some form of
approval from your scientific colleagues. In other words,
colleagues are going to decide on the validity of your ideas.
Indeed, this is how science works in 2013. Scientists have to
be part of a social network to get their ideas accepted.
Popularity is thus more important than correctness. To get
your paper accepted, you have to do a lot of diplomacy, and
actually, this is more important than the scientific part.
Yet, history has shown that all major scientific breakthroughs
came against the then generally accepted ideas. Social
networks tend to only repeat what is already 'known' and makes
science into a political popularity "truth by ballot" system.
That, while all science breakthroughs were done by 'loners'.
Yet, the biggest error the authors make is trying to placate
the religious sentiments in our society. They write that it is
a misconception that science contradicts the existence of
God. Yet, science does
contradict the existence of
The logic behind it is quite simple and has three simple
1) According to scientific method, the best model is the
one that explains things with the minimum number of
ingredients (William of Ockam*). If something is not needed
to explain the world, then remove it from the model. God is
not needed to explain the world, so God does not exist.
Also, Einstein: "The aim of science is, on the one hand, as
complete a comprehension as possible of the connection
between perceptible experiences in their totality, and, on
the other hand, the achievement of this aim by employing a
minimum of primary concepts and relations."
2) If a god is needed to explain a creation of a system
as complex as our universe, if a creator is needed, then the
unavoidable question is: Who created the Creator? (If the
answer is "has always existed", then this can also be true
for the universe and we revert to observation (1)) [age-old
discussion of the Unmovable Mover]
3) Gödel has mathematically shown that no system can be
self-complete. This is a mathematical proof/equivalent of
(2). There are a lot of people that think that Darwin's
theory goes against religion, but it doesn't. God might have
created evolution. However, Gödel's ideas do go against
religion, since God cannot include Himself. "Can God create
a stone so heavy it cannot lift Himself?"
Science is pure and only assumes things that are
consistent with measurements (reality) and that are necessary
to explain reality. Sometimes it is suggested that, in the
scientific method, something is correct until proven wrong.
Ergo, since science cannot proof the non-existence
of a god, the model of an existing god is correct and thus
That is not how it works. We could for instance also say
that the back of the moon is green, and since you have no
proof to the contrary, our idea is correct until you prove
us wrong. That is not how it works! We start with a simpler
model, that the back of the moon is the same color as the
front that we can easily see and measure, until some piece
of evidence/data forces us to think otherwise.
Now apply this to the concept of a god. Do we need a god to
explain the world? No. Therefore there is no god in
a scientific point of view. Until you find some
piece of evidence for it. Just like the back of the moon is
the same color as the front of the moon until it is shown
that the universe is more complicated and has a two-color
Well, people can still believe in a god (that is a
human right), but they can't hide behind science. There also
is no obligation to adhere to the scientific method,
everybody can decide to think otherwise and not be a
scientist, just as we can decide to be not a member of
religion X. Somebody can be religious and still be a great
and intelligent investigator/researcher, for instance
working in technology, and even disagree with the above, but
cannot deny that science is for the moment contradicting the
existence of a god. That would namely imply saying that
"science is a great tool, but only for things that fall
outside the set of things I believe in", as if you can be a
part-time scientist or that there are things you are not
allowed to discuss.
You can be agnostic and a scientist. No problem. Actually
being open minded is
the best, because it happens too
often that people are sticking to their model (beliefs) in
spite of evidence. ("Trust your model; facts can be disposed
of"). Yet, open minded is not the same as assuming true
everything that you cannot prove wrong.
there is no
god is just as silly as
believing there is
This point of view, obviously, will not fall well in a society
that wants to please everybody, and demands
politically-correct tolerance for all ideas (except, of
course, the idea of intolerance; showing Gödel right yet
again). Entities making such statements as presented here will
be cut off funding. Well, if that is the case, ... so be it.
All for the love of knowledge! Philo-sophia.
Science is dead:
So we conclude that science is dead in the 21st century. (Link
to presentation "Science is dead. Long live science!":
Professor Bruce G Charlton of the University of Buckingham
reached the exact same conclusion. In his book "Not even
trying: the corruption of real science" (freely available.
), he writes as an introductory
"Briefly, the argument of this book is that real science is
dead, and the main reason is that professional researchers are
not even trying to seek the truth and speak the truth; and the
reason for this is that professional ‘scientists’ no longer
believe in the truth - no longer believe that there is an eternal unchanging
reality beyond human wishes and organization which they have
a duty to seek and proclaim to the best of their (naturally
limited) abilities. Hence the vast structures of personnel
and resources that constitute modern ‘science’ are not real
science but instead merely a professional research
bureaucracy, thus fake or pseudo-science; regulated by peer
review (that is, committee opinion) rather than the
search-for and service-to reality. Among the consequences
are that modern publications in the research literature must
be assumed to be worthless or misleading and should always
be ignored. In practice, this means that nearly all
‘science’ needs to be demolished (or allowed to collapse)
and real science carefully rebuilt outside the professional
research structure, from the ground up, by real scientists
who regard truth-seeking as an imperative and truthfulness
as an iron law."
The Ossónoba Philosophical Society fully agrees with Prof.
The special mission of OPS is to find out where and how other
thinkers are wrong. For that it will use the Scientific
Method of Popper
that defines science (in contrast to
the modern fetish for technology):
1. Subject: Study the natural, real world
2. Data collection: Acquisition, reduction, induction
5. Falsification of hypothesis
6. Experiment (prediction)
7. Replication (communication to peers).
In his famous essay, Science as Falsification (
), Popper wrote "It is easy to
obtain confirmations, or verifications, for nearly every
theory — if we look for confirmations.". What climate
alarmists are doing is looking for proof of their ideas
everywhere. We are daily bombarded by cherry-picked news items
that seem to confirm the theory of AGW. Yet, as Popper said, a
theory that explains everything explains nothing (
). Science is about finding out
where theories are wrong and not where they are correct.
Using this technique, the major breakthrough was the debunking
of the Anthropogenic Global Warming
Another recent paper:
- "Perils and pitfalls of empirical forecasting". About
statistics and their validity.
Criticality and phase transitions:
We review the scientific evidence, from both historic and
modern laboratory measurements of thermodynamic properties,
for the non-existence of a critical-point singularity on Gibbs
density surface, for the existence of a critical dividing line
between 2-phase coexistence, for a supercritical mesophase
with the colloidal characteristics of a one-component mist,
and for the percolation loci that bound gas and liquid states.
An absence of any critical-point singularity is supported by
an overwhelming body of experimental evidence dating back to
the original pressure-density-temperature (p
equation-of-state measurements of CO2
by Andrews in
1863, and extending to the present NIST-2017 Thermo-physical
Properties data bank of more than 200 fluids. Historic heat
capacity measurements that gave rise to the concept of
“universality” are revisited. The only experimental evidence
cited by the original protagonists of the van der Waals
hypothesis, and ‘universality’ theorists, is a
misinterpretation of the isochoric heat capacity (Cv
We conclude that the scientific experimental evidence does not
support the Andrews-van der Waals theory of continuity of
liquid and gas, or the existence of a singular critical point
with universal scaling properties. All available experimental
data is compatible with a critical divide at Tc
defined by the intersection of the percolation loci at fluid
state bounds, and the existence of a colloid-like
supercritical mesophase between gas and liquid states.